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3rd Jan, 2023

Tibet Festival

Tibet Festival

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Introduction:
In Tibet festivals are celebrated nearly all round the seasons where events and occasions are of various types to celebrate the festival, most of the events are religious and some are related to harvest and nature spirits.
Most of the religious festivals are related to Lord Sakyamuni the founder of Buddhism and his followers, as the time passed by more festivals event was added as per the rulers and main head priest and kings like Songsant Gampo-Tshon Khapa founder of Gelygpa sect and many others.

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Generally in all festivals people wears their best new dress, visit monasteries and chapels-shrines offering Khada (silk scarf), butter for the lamps and incense as well fruits-biscuits, money and food grains, most of the festival are celebrated dancing and singing, having rich meals and merrymaking, where several games and sports are also held to mark the occasion like archery and horse race.

Tibetan Festivals and Tibetan Culture

Tibetan festivals are an important part of Tibetan culture and are celebrated throughout the year. Some of the most popular festivals include Losar (Tibetan New Year), Saga Dawa (the celebration of Buddha's birth, enlightenment, and death), and Shoton (the yogurt festival). During these festivals, Tibetans gather with their families and communities to participate in traditional dances, music, and other cultural activities. Many of these festivals are based on the Tibetan calendar.

Lifestyle of Tibetan people in Tibet

The lifestyle of Tibetan people in Tibet is influenced by their unique culture, religion, and environment. Tibetans are known for their hospitality, strong sense of community, and close relationship with the natural world.

Tibetan Festival Calendar in Tibet

The Tibetan calendar, also known as the Lunisolar calendar, is a combination of the lunar and solar calendars. It consists of twelve lunar months, with each month corresponding to a specific animal from the Tibetan zodiac. Each year is also associated with one of the five elements (earth, water, fire, wood, and metal) and the animal that corresponds to that year.

In addition to festivals, Tibetan daily life in Tibet revolves around agriculture, herding, and trade. Many Tibetans live in small villages or nomadic communities, where they rely on farming and herding for their livelihoods. Yak and sheep are among the most commonly raised animals, providing milk, meat, and wool for clothing and other purposes.

Overall, the lifestyle of Tibetan people in Tibet is rich in culture and tradition and is deeply connected to their environment and religious beliefs.

Tibet Festivals Celebration Tentative Dates

01 1st Month around 1st -7th Feb Merrymaking, horse racing, dancing and as well as gambling
02 1st Month around 14th -25th Feb Monlam Festival originated by Tsong Khapa
03 1st Month around 15th Feb Festival of Light All local monasteries and houses are illuminated with butter lamps with prayer service
04 2nd Month 21st March Offering and assemble of Lamas (Tshog chho) Priest and monks known as Lamas of Sera-Drepung and Ganden monasteries assemble in Lhasa for the offering and prayer
05 2nd Month 28th-29th March Festival to drive out Evil where Lamas surround the city of Lhasa with trumpets and chanting.
06 3rd Month 8th April Official ending of winter months / seasons and celebrate the beginning of spring season.
07 4th Month 7th May Birth of Sakyamuni Buddha ‘Saga Dawa’ visit monasteries and offer prayer and light lamps
08 4th Month 15th May lamps with outdoor opera and releasing captures animals and birds
09 5th Month 14th – 16th June in Shigatse (Tibet’s 2nd biggest cities) with celebration
10 5th Month 15th -24th June Worship of Buddha with picnics and parties in various parks and in Norbulinka (summer palace of Dalai Lama)
11 6th Month 4th July Minor festival of lights to celebrate Buddha’s first sermon
12 6th Month 30th - 31st July Foil the Devil visits Drepung monastery to watch dancers
13 8th Month 1st – 07th September Harvest Festival prayers, singing dancing and partying
14 8th Month 1st – 10th September Dajyur festival of Gyantse Games and Horse Race
15 9th Month 22nd October Buddha descent from heaven after preaching his mother

Please note that the dates above can different as per Tibetan Lunar calendar                    

Tibetan Culture:

The culture of Tibetans are based on religious way of life and traditions some of the culture are practiced even before Buddhism came into Tibet around 7th Century, where Bon the ancient animism religion was worshipped and still exists in remote part of Far South West Tibet.

Tibetan culture starts with great hospitality where every guests and family member-relatives or friends are highly treated welcoming them with Khada (silk scarf) offering Tibetan Tea (a mixture of butter-salt and milk) or Chang (barley local beer).

The culture continues with day to day traditional way of life as handed by past generation and of Buddhist religions worshiping-prayer-going on pilgrimage to holy sites and celebrating social or religious festivals.

Like in most Asia countries woman are the household keepers and running the family life as well working in farm fields and animals husbandry. In spare time they knit with yak / sheep wools, while men folk mostly do outdoor works farming and as Sheppard or traders.

Tibetan culture is full of liveliness of merrymaking-drinking and dancing on occasion in wedding-festivals. But morning time is spared for prayers and lighting lamps and burning incense of dry juniper and azalea (dwarf rhododendron plants).

Please email us for exact Tibet Festival dates for 2023, 2024 and 2025

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